When young animals are born they have some natural immunity against disease that is passed on to them from their mother. However this immunity only last for the first few weeks and after this period they are left vulnerable to common diseases, many of which can be fatal.
The most effective way of protecting your pet against these diseases is to regularly vaccinate against them, puppies can be vaccinated from 8 weeks of age and kittens from 9 weeks. The primary course of vaccinations will include a first and second vaccination which is normally given 2 – 4 weeks apart, however your pet is not fully covered until 7 days after the last injection.
Once you have completed the full course you will be given a vaccination certificate which you must keep as proof, you will need this to travel with your pet abroad or to book it into a boarding facility (such as kennels or cattery) if you wish to go away.
Annual boosters are given to ensure your pet remains protected, it is important to continue with these or your pet could become very ill.
There are many vaccinations clinics available to people on lower incomes, please ask your vet about how they may be able to help.